Redemption Theology

Redemption (theology)

As a theological concept redemption (Hebrew ge'ullah; Greek λύτρωσις lytrosis, ἀπολύτρωσις apolytrosis) is an element of salvation that broadly means the deliverance from sin. Leon Morris says that "Paul uses the concept of redemption primarily to speak of the saving significance of the death of Christ."[1] 

The English word redemption means 'repurchase' or 'buy back', and in the Old Testament referred to the ransom of slaves (Exodus 21:8).[2] In the New Testament the redemption word group is used to refer both to deliverance from sin and freedom from captivity.[3] Theologically, redemption is a metaphor for what is achieved through the Atonement.[3] 

Therefore there is a metaphorical sense in which the death of Jesus pays the price of a ransom, releasing Christians from bondage to sin and death.[4] Most evangelical theologians and Protestant denominations, however, reject the idea of Origen who held that redemption means that in the atonement God paid Satan with the death of Jesus.[5]

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